Industrial Biotechnology

Biotechnology comes in many colours:

  • Red biotechnology – pharmaceutical biotechnology, using mammalian cells, enzymes
  • Green biotech – plants and other photosynthetic organisms
  • Blue biotech – marine organisms
  • White biotechnology – microorganisms

Industrial biotechnology covers the area of white biotechnology, but comprises also the production of any bioproduct with biotechnological means: for example the industrial production of therapeutic antibodies or the classic example of insulin biosynthesis by E. coli. In a general sense, industrial biotechnology means the utilisation of biotechnology for industrial purposes.